This silver Hungarian denar coin features an image of the baby Jesus in the arms of the Madonna, the Patron Saint of Hungary, on the obverse, with the legend “Patrona Hungarie” surrounding.
Why did the Byzantines produce coins shaped like cups? No one did it before, and no one’s done it since. It’s a Medieval mystery.
Since assuming the throne in 1952, Queen Elizabeth II has been the face of numismatics. Her portrait has appeared on more coins than any other individual who ever lived. In 1971, the first year of currency decimalization, her effigy adorned over 5 billion coins in Great Britain alone.
That’s one year, and one country.
She has graced coins throughout the British Commonwealth, from Australia to Canada, South Africa to the Cook Islands—and this has happened for over 60 years. Hers is arguably the most recognized face in the world. This special collection highlights Her Majesty’s various portraits through the years:
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On April 27, Pope John Paul II will officially enter the sainthood. He will become just the second pope to be canonized since 1712.
This pack of four coins from the Democratic Republic of the Congo was issued to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Pope John Paul II’s historic visit to Africa.
Because they began as a quest by “pious” Christians to liberate the Holy Land from Muslim “infidels,” the Crusades are often imagined as a series of conflicts between two clear and well-defined antagonists—Christianity vs. Islam. In actuality, the battle lines were more complex. The Franks who came from Western Europe at the behest of the Pope were often at odds with the Byzantines. That the two camps were Christian—one Latin, one Orthodox—did not stop the Western Crusaders from sacking Constantinople in 1204. Similarly, the rift between Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims in the East was exploited by the Franks during the First Crusade, enabling them to re-take and hold Jerusalem. Through two centuries of fighting, Christians allied with Muslims, and Muslims with Christians, when the need arose.
The silver coins in this collection represent six of the disparate peoples who joined the fray during the 200 years of warfare we know as the Crusades: